A5273: Multicenter Study of Options for Second-Line Effective Combination Therapy (SELECT)
The study is being done with people who are taking their first anti-HIV drug regimen (including an Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor (NNRTI), a type of anti-HIV drug) but the drugs in this regimen are not doing a good job of fighting their HIV infection.
The main purpose of this study is to compare two other anti-HIV drug regimens to see how well they fight HIV. The study will also see how well participants tolerate the drug regimens and how safe they are.
The study will determine whether taking the combination of lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) plus raltegravir (RAL) works as well as what usually is used for second-line therapy: LPV/r plus the best-available nucleoside (nucleotide) reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) combination. Testing a regimen that does not include any NRTI is important because NRTIs may no longer work for patients who received them as part of their first treatment regimen.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infected adults (age ≥18 years) who have confirmed virologic failure on an NNRTI-containing first-line regimen.