Vitamin D deficiency and risk of postpartum tuberculosis among HIV-infected breastfeeding mothers in breastfeeding mothers in India
Citation: Mave V, Chandanwale A, Bhosale R, Shere D, Gupte N, Suryavanshi N, Kulkarni V, Kagal A, Bharadwaj R, Joshi S, Bollinger R, Gupta A. Vitamin D deficiency and risk of postpartum tuberculosis among HIV-infected breastfeeding mothers in breastfeeding mothers in India. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2015 Mar;19(3):302-4. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.14.0658. PMID: 25686138.
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Some studies have associated low vitamin D levels with the risk of tuberculosis (TB), but its association in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected mothers in a TB-endemic region has not been well studied. We conducted a nested 1:2 case-control study among HIV-infected mothers in western India to evaluate the association between maternal vitamin D levels and the risk of postpartum TB. Vitamin D insufficiency, moderate deficiency and severe deficiency were observed in a high proportion of HIV-infected mothers, but were not associated with the risk of postpartum TB.
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2015 Mar;19(3):302-4 doi: 10.5588/ijtld.14.0658