Isoniazid hair concentrations in children with tuberculosis: a proof of concept study

Citation: Mave V, Chandanwale A, Kinikar A, Khadse S, Kagal A, Gupte N, Suryavanshi N, Nimkar S, Koli H, Khwaja S, Bharadwaj R, Joshi S, Horng H, Benet LZ, Ramachandran G, Dooley KE, Gupta A, Gandhi M. Isoniazid hair concentrations in children with tuberculosis: a proof of concept study. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2016 Jun;20(6):844-7. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.15.0882. PMID: 27155191. PMCID: PMC4889729.

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Assessing treatment adherence and quantifying exposure to anti-tuberculosis drugs among children is challenging. We undertook a ‘proof of concept' study to assess the drug concentrations of isoniazid (INH) in hair as a therapeutic drug monitoring tool. Children aged <12 years initiated on a thrice-weekly treatment regimen including INH (10 mg/kg) for newly diagnosed tuberculosis were enrolled. INH concentrations in hair were measured using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry at 1, 2, 4 and 6 months after initiating anti-tuberculosis treatment. We found that INH hair concentrations in all children on thrice-weekly INH were detectable and displayed variability across a dynamic range.

International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease

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