Is there a connection between gestational diabetes, human immunodeficiency virus infection, and tuberculosis?
Citation: Alexander M, Gupta A, Mathad JS. Is there a connection between gestational diabetes, HIV, and tuberculosis? Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2019 Jan1;23(1):19-25(7). doi: https://doi.org/10.5588/ijtld.18.0337. PMID: 30674375.
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Pregnancy is associated with insulin resistance similar to that found in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in key tuberculosis (TB) endemic countries, such as India and China, has been increasing rapidly in the last decade and may be higher in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected women. Pregnancy is also an independent risk factor for developing active TB; however, little is known about the interaction of GDM, HIV and TB. We review the epidemiology and immunology of GDM, and significant research gaps in understanding the interactions between GDM, pregnancy, and TB in women living with and those without HIV.