Cost Effectiveness of Isoniazid Preventive Therapy for HIV-infected Pregnant Women in India

Topic:

Mother to Child Transmission of HIV

Authors:

Kapoor S, Gupta A, Shah M.

External Link:

Link to article

BACKGROUND:

India has a high burden of active tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Pregnancy increases the risks of developing TB in HIV-infected women. Isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) reduces progression to TB, but may increase costs and hepatotoxicity. The cost-effectiveness of IPT for HIV-infected pregnant women in India is unknown.

DESIGN:

We evaluated the cost-effectiveness of antepartum IPT among HIV-infected women in India using a decision-analytic model. We compared current practice (no IPT) with: Intervention 1 (IPT regardless of CD4 count) and Intervention 2 (IPT for those with CD4 count ⩿ 200 cells/μl). We modeled IPT irrespective of tuberculin skin test (TST) status and TST-driven strategies. Primary outcomes were anticipated costs, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and TB cases.

RESULTS:

Both IPT interventions are highly cost-effective compared to no IPT at current willingness-to-pay thresholds (respectively US$178.00 and US$201.00 per DALY averted for Interventions 1 and 2). However, providing IPT irrespective of CD4 count results in the greatest health benefits (21 TB cases averted/1000 patients) compared to current practice. IPT irrespective of TST status was also highly cost-effective compared to TST-driven IPT (respectively US$1027.00 and US$1154.00/DALY averted for Interventions 1 and 2).

CONCLUSION:

Antepartum IPT for HIV-infected women is highly cost-effective for TB prevention compared to current practices in India.

Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2016:20(1).

Categories

CRS
Topics

Clinical Trials

P1077BF: Breastfeeding Version of the PROMISE Study...

1077BF is a randomized strategy trial, which is part of the PROMISE studies (1077BF, 1077FF, P1084s, and 1077HS). The Promoting...

Read More

P1078: A Phase IV Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled...

P1078 is a Phase IV, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of HIV-infected pregnant women and the infants born to...

Read More

A5128: Consent for Use of Stored Patient Specimens for...

The purpose of this study is to obtain informed consent to use stored human biological materials (HBM) (e.g., blood and other...

Read More

P1077FF: Formula Feeding Version of the PROMISE Study...

1077FF is a randomized strategy trial, which is part of the PROMISE studies (1077BF, 1077FF, P1084s, and 1077HS). The Promoting...

Read More

A5288: MULTIOCTAVE, Management Using the Latest Technologies...

The study is being done to: test a strategy of using a resistance test to choose anti-HIV drugs. Resistance tests look at the...

Read More